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Facial Exfoliants for Radiant Skin

Exfoliants for Radiant Skin


When we talk about face exfoliants for radiant skin, we refer to all those products that make a smoother and more radiant appearance through an exfoliating action.

Facial Exfoliants for Radiant Skin

Different types of exfoliants use on the face’s skin; these products are divided into two sets according to the mechanism of action. However, despite this difference in acting, the purpose for which exfoliants used.

Note: This article will consider cosmetic facial exfoliants that can use at home and not products whose use is reserved only for the professional or medical field.

Physical Exfoliants

What are?

Physical exfoliants – sometimes also called scrubs – exert a mechanical exfoliating action. These are products in the form of gels or creams in which powders or solid microgranules suspends, which, through massage and rubbing on the skin, favour the removal of dead cells present on the skin surface.


The physical exfoliants for the face available on the market are different, lately, those containing microgranules obtained by grinding/processing seeds or shells, such for example:

Apricot seeds ;
Almond seeds ;
Peach seeds ;
Jojoba seeds ;
Coconut shell.

Depending on the dispersed solid fraction (more or less fine powders, micro granules, microspheres, etc.), it is possible to vary the degree of exfoliation obtained using the product.


Physical exfoliants can commonly present commercially in gels, creams, cleansers, or face masks. Furthermore, other ingredients with different properties may also be present within the formulation (for example, moisturizers, emollients, etc.).

Physical Exfoliants

In addition to these ready-to-use products, some brands also offer the sale of “pure” powders / microgranules mixed with other cosmetics before use.

Chemical Exfoliants

What are?

Unlike physical exfoliants, which act mechanically, exfoliants of this type perform their activity – as the name suggests – through a chemical mechanism of action. More precisely, chemical exfoliants work by breaking the bonds that hold together the corneocytes present on the skin’s surface. In other words, they carry out what can commonly define as a keratolytic action.

Which ones are they?

The chemical exfoliants that can be found in cosmetic products that can use at home are above all:

Alpha – hydroxy acids (or AHAs, from the English Alpha Hydroxy Acid ) such as glycolic acid and mandelic acid ;
Salicylic acid (a beta-hydroxy acid);
However, other chemical exfoliants use in the professional and medical fields. Therefore, it is possible to get a more or less deep exfoliating action depending on the chemical exfoliant used and its concentration.
We note that in commercially available formulations for home use – such as creams, masks, etc.
The attention of chemical exfoliants such as glycolic, mandelic, or salicylic acid is limited.

Chemical Exfoliants

As with physical exfoliants, chemical exfoliants also contain in different products, such as creams, masks, gels, cleansers or lotions. On the market, it is also possible to find fabric pads soaked in ready-to-use exfoliating substances that are massaged directly on the face.

Cosmetic Peeling
Chemical Peeling


Advantages and Benefits from the use of Face Scrubs

Skin exfoliation has several benefits. The use of facial exfoliants can:

1.Promote the loosening of superficial dead cells and stimulate natural cell turnover ;

2.Promote the elimination of minor imperfections and external impurities ;

3.Promote skin renewal by making the skin appear smoother and brighter ;

4.Promote the absorption of any other active ingredients applied at the end of the exfoliation.(for example, moisturizers, emollients, nutrients, etc.).

Of course, it must note that the results obtained with skin exfoliation are subjective and can vary from person to person.

When to Exfoliate the Face?

How often can face Exfoliants be used?

The frequency of facial exfoliants depends on the product and exfoliant used and skin type.

Facial exfoliation performs at a variable rate from once or twice a week to once or twice a month. In this regard, we tell you the importance of correctly using the purchased product by following the instructions given by the maker on the package of the exfoliator you intend to use.

Furthermore, we remind you that it is advisable to avoid exfoliation before, during and after exposure to the sun or artificial ultraviolet rays ( tanning lamps ).

Undesirable Effects and Contraindications

Can face Exfoliants have side effects and have Contraindications to use?

In general, if the exfoliation is complete, following the instructions on the packaging of the purchased product, both physical and chemical exfoliants should not cause unwanted effects.

Naturally, intolerance towards some components or the appearance of reactions in case of hypersensitivity towards the product or its ingredients cannot exclude entirely; nevertheless, products of this type appear to  well-tolerate in most topics.

The improper and excessive use of exfoliants for the face.On the other hand, can lead to the appearance of more or less acute undesirable effects. Such as, for example, redness and skin irritation.

As for contraindications, in general, facial exfoliants avoid injured, inflamed or irritated skin .And in the presence of skin pathologies affecting the skin of the face.

In these cases, it is necessary to consult your doctor or specialist (dermatologist) for advice before using cosmetic products such as exfoliants that could worsen any pre-existing skin disorder.

Chemical Exfoliants and Exfoliants – Use and Types of Exfoliants

Exfoliating the skin is synonymous with “skin cleansing” and the removal of dead cells deposited on the surface of the epidermis.

Exfoliating products are very popular with women, especially those who are no longer very young.

Mature skins dry out more efficiently.


Exfoliants are cosmetic products used to remove dead cells present in the surface layer of the skin. After treatment with an exfoliating gel or cream (called scrub or peeling), the skin appears the visibly brighter, smoother and smoother road

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